*Primary energy consumption in the US, wood excluded, 1965 to 2014, in million tons oil equivalent *

*(one ton oil equivalent = 11600 kWh).*

“New Renewable” = all renewable energies except wood and hydroelectricity.

One will notice that so far the maximum was in 2007 (and for the consumption per capita, it was in 2000).

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*Same as before, but with one curve per energy. *

One will notice that the recent increase for gas goes along with a decrease of about the same magnitude in coal, which suggests that most of the extra gas supply is used to replace coal in electricity generation.

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*Same as before, but with a curve that totals all “non fossil” production (“non fossil” is anything except coal, gas and oil, and is therefore the sum of nuclear and renewables).*

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*Primary energy consumption per capita in the US, wood excluded, from 1965, in tons oil equivalent. *

*(one ton oil equivalent = 11600 kWh). *

One will notice that the maximum happened in 1973, and for a very long period the value has remained about constant. “New Renewable” = all renewable energies except wood and hydroelectricity.

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*Same as before, but with one curve per energy.*

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review & World Bank, 2015

*Share of each energy (wood excluded) in the US consumption since 1965, and share of the fossil fuels. *

One will notice that the share of oil has remained very stable between the early 80’s and 2006, and this has also been the case for coal and gas between 1985 and 2005.

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*Annual change of the primary energy consumption in the US (wood excluded) since 1965. *

In the long term, the growth rate has been declining, then has turned into a growing decline rate (for those that are not afraid, it means that the second derivative of the US energy consumption has been negative on average for the last 45 years).

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*Annual change of the coal consumption in US since 1965*.

The long term trend is a continuing decline, which is a kind of surprise for a country that claims the largest proven reserves in the world.

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*Annual change of the oil consumption in the US since 1965. *

As for energy as a whole, we have turned from a declining growth rate to an increasing decline rate. The decrease of oil consumption in the US has contributed as much to the decrease of imports than the rise of shale oil.

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*Annual change of the gas consumption in the US since 1965. *

The recent increase of the growth rate, due to non conventional gas, is clearly visible.

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*Annual change of the “non fossil” (wood excluded) consumption in the US since 1965. *

One will notice that the growth rate of these “non fossil” energies is globally declining, which means that the “new renewables” (wind, photovoltaic, biogas, biofuels, geothermal, etc), which do increase, nevertheless fail to allow for a growth rate that was that of nuclear and hydro a couple of decades ago.

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*CO2 emissions coming from fossil fuels in the US since 1965, in million tonnes. *

The subprime crisis has been much more efficient than the Kyoto Protocol!

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015

*CO2 emissions per capita coming from fossil fuels in the US since 1965, in tonnes. *

One will notice that the maximum happened just before the first oil shock.

Author’s compilation on primary data from BP Statistical Review & World Bank, 2015

*Evolution of the energy efficiency of the US since 1965 (constant dollars of GDP per kWh of primary energy). *

When the value is increasing, it means that the economy is becoming more efficient.

One will notice that the “counter-shock”, when oil prices fell to very low levels, in 1985, corresponds to a halt in the increase.

Author’s calculation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015, and World Bank, 2015

*CO2 efficiency of the US economy since 1965 (grams of CO2 per constant dollar of GDP). *

When the value is decreasing, it means that the economy is emitting less per unit of GDP. The present value is about twice what it is for Europe.

Author’s calculation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015, and World Bank, 2015

*For the 1965-2014 period, annual change of the US GDP (horizontal axis) vs. annual change of the US energy consumption. *

The regression means that for a 1% growth rate of the GDP there is a slightly below 1% growth rate of the energy consumption.

NB: “decoupling” would mean that the dots would always be in the lower right part of the chart.

Author’s calculation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015, and World Bank, 2015

*US energy consumption (horizontal axis) vs US GDP (in constant billion dollars) for the period going from 1965 to 2014 (the orange line begins in 1965, at the lower left, and then the dots follow a chronological order going roughly up and right).*

One will notice that the curve goes through a series of “turns to the left” in 1974 and 1979 (which means that energy slows down before the GDP), with a recession in both cases, and after 2006, with also a recession for a couple years, as for other Western countries.

Author’s calculation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015, and World Bank, 2015

*US energy consumption (horizontal axis) vs US industrial output (in constant billion dollars) for the period going from 1970 to 2014 (the brown line begins in 1965, at the lower left, and then the dots follow a chronological order).*

The “turns to the left” in 1974, 1979, and from 2006 are clearly visible, and the decrease of the industrial output is then pretty sharp.

Author’s calculation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015, and World Bank, 2015

*US oil consumption (horizontal axis) vs US GDP (in constant billion dollars) for the period going from 1965 to 2014. *

Green dots with yellow line: 1965 to 1982.

Red dots with orange line: 1983 to 2014.

The comments are globally the same than for the previous curve.

Author’s calculation on primary data from BP Statistical Review, 2015, and World Bank, 2015

*Electricity generation in the US from 1985 to 2014, in billion kWh.*

Source: BP Statistical Review 2015

*“Non fossil” electricity generation per capital in the US since 1965. *

“Geothermal biomass” gathers geothermal and electricity generation from biogas and wood (biogas represents the largest fraction). This “non fossil” generation represents 30% of the total generation in the US.

Author’s compilation on data from BP Statistical Review